Speaking at Ahmedabad University, Ahmedabad on September, the 19th was last modified: September 18th, 2018 by Deepak Acharya
क्या आप सर्दी-खांसी और सायनुसायटिस से परेशान हैं?
सर्दी-खांसी का दौर चल रहा है..आप भी इससे जूझ रहें हैं तो रोज एक गिलास ताज़ा अन्नानस (पाइनेप्पल) का जूस जरूर पी लें, २-३ दिन, किसी भी समय.. अन्नानस में पाया जाने वाला रसायन “ब्रोमेलेन” अलग-अलग प्रकार के एंजाइम्स का मिश्रण है, ये रसायन सर्दी-खांसी में बनने वाले म्युकस की अच्छी खासी खबर ले लेता है और ये क्लिनिकल स्टडीज़ में प्रमाणित भी हुआ है, और तो और ये सायनुसायटिस में भी कमाल का असर करता है। तो अब देरी किस बात की? अपने दवाओं के बक्से से खतरनाक कफ़ सिरप को बाहर निकाल फेकें और घूमते फिरते जाएं और अन्नानस का एक गिलास रस पीकर आएं…
Anti dandruff mix for your hair
If you think that the chemical shampoos available in market would resolve your dandruff issue, never..its not possible. I would rather suggest you indigenous method of preparing anti dandruff mix. Prepare Ginger juice (2 teaspoon) by crushing it in a mortal and pestle and obtain the juice. To it, add 3 teaspoon Sesame or Olive oil and 5-6 drops of Lemon juice. Massage it gentle on year head and leave it for 20-30 minutes. Rinse hair later. This should be followed for 2-3 times a week. If you do it religiously, I bet you are going to get the positive results.
अदरक नींबू से करें डेंड्रफ को छू-मंतर
यदि आप सोचते हैं कि बाज़ार के घातक रसायनयुक्त शैंपू का इस्तमाल कर रूसी से आपको छुटकारा दिला सकते हैं तो भूल जाएं..किसी भी हाल में संभव नहीं..हाँ ये जरूर है कि देसी पारंपरिक नुस्खों को आप सही तरह से आजमाएं तो समस्या में निदान मिल सकता है। अदरक को बारीक पीसकर २ चम्मच रस तैयार करें या अदरक को कुचलें और जो रस प्राप्त हो उसकी २ चम्मच मात्रा लें और इसमें ३ चम्मच मात्रा तिल या जैतून के तेल और ५-६ बूंद नींबू का रस मिला लें। नहाने से पहले इस मिश्रण से बालों की जडों तक हल्का हल्का मालिश करें और फिर इसे २०-३० मिनिट के लिए छोड दें और बाद में स्नान कर लिया जाए। सप्ताह में २-३ बार ऐसा करें और फिर मुझे बताएं..दावा है, परिणाम सकारात्मक ही मिलेंगे..
Ethnomedicinal Plants: Revitalizing of Traditional Knowledge of Herbs
Editors: Mahendra Rai, Deepak Acharya, José Luis Rios
Presenting recent discoveries on ethnomedicinal plants around the world, this book focuses on evaluating the progress to date as well as the future potential of drug development in ethnomedicine. Eight reviews examine therapeutic applications including the sp
asmolitic effects of various plants, the anti-inflammatory activity of plants from Brazil and Tunisia, common fertility treatments in Trinidad and
Tobago, traditional medicines from Cameroon and their interaction with estrogen receptors, the medicinal plants used in Spain to treat digestion problems, immune-modulators and stimulators from plants, and antimicrobial herbs from India.
February 1, 2011 by CRC Press
Reference – 518 Pages – 11 Color Illustrations
ISBN 9781578086962 – CAT# N10320
Table of Contents
Ethnomedicinal Plants: Progress and the Future of Drug Development: J.L. Rios
Spasmolytic Effect of Constituents from Ethnomedicinal Plants on Smooth Muscle: R.M. Perez Gutierrez
Brazilian Ethnomedicinal Plants with Anti-inflammatory Action: J.C. Tavares Carvalho
Women’s Knowledge of Herbs used in Reproduction in Trinidad and Tobago: C. Lans and K. Georges
Medicinal Value of Polyunsaturated and Other Fatty Acids Occurring in Ethnomedicinal Plants: S.F. Fostok, A.N. Wehbe, and R.S. Talhouk
Smoke of Ethnobotanical Plants used in Healing Ceremonies in Brazilian Culture: R. de Luna Antonio, N. Scalco, T. Andrade Medeiros, J.A.R. Soares Neto and E. Rodrigues
Traditional Medicines as the Source of Immuno-modulators and Stimulators and their Safety Issues: M.T.H. Khan
Traditional Knowledge about Indian Antimicrobial Herbs: Retrospect and Prospects: D. Acharya and M. Rai
Medicinal Usefulness of Woodfordia fruticosa (Linn.) Kurz: S. Bhattarai and D.R. Bhuju
Azadirachta indica: Chemical Vonstituents and Biological Properties: R.M. Perez Gutierrez
Ethnomedicine of Quassia and Related Plants in Tropical America: R. Ocampo and G. Mora
Ethnomedicinal Use of Anti-inflammatory and Anti-rheumatic Plants in Tunisia: B. Wahida, M. Amor, and C. Nabil
Medicinal Plants used in Folk Medicine for Digestive Diseases in Central Spain: M.E. Carretero Accame, M.P. Gómez-Serranillos Cuadrado, M.T. Ortega Hernández-Agero and O.M. Palomino Ruiz-Poveda
Traditional Medicinal Products and their Interaction with Estrogens Receptors – Implications for Human Health: D. Njamen
Applications of Microarray Technology in Ethnomedicinal Plant Research: M. Youns, J.D. Hoheisel, and T. Efferth
Combining Ethnobotany and Informatics to Discover Knowledge from Data: J. Gaikwad, K. Wilson, J. Kohen, S. Vemulpad, J. Jamie and S. Ranganathan
Conservation Strategies for Ethnomedicinal Plants: A. Rijal
Somewhere, hidden deep within the heart of the Chhindwara district in Madhya Pradesh, lies Patalkot, a verdant valley that seems to exist within its own time and space. About 3000 tribal people live here in small villages that are scattered throughout the valley. Until recently few outsiders ever knew this place existed. But now the modern age is encroaching even on this hidden corner, and with it comes the threat of deforestation, which ultimately will undermine the basis of human existence in this fragile ecosystem. So far people have managed to live in harmony with the earth, but with commercial logging moving in that balance can no longer be maintained. Yet, there are few opportunities. The government in Delhi is far away and has no time or concern for the pleas of a handful of tribals. The future of Patalkot hangs in a precarious balance and the scales can be tipped either way.
For the past 12 years, Dr Deepak Acharya who is known as ‘the Ambassador of Tribal Knowledge’, has devoted his life to documenting the knowledge of these people and has tried to raise awareness, not only about their environmental predicament, but also about the cultural treasure these people are guarding. Most people have heard of the traditional Indian healing system known as ‘Ayurveda’, which teaches the philosophy of ‘right livelihood’ as the foundation of good health. But few people are aware of the fact that the many tribal people of India also have their own traditional healing systems and age-old knowledge regarding the uses of medicinal herbs.
Dr. Acharya is determined to help these tribal people. As part of his effort to do so he started up a company in 2007, Abhumka Herbal Private Limited, which carries out research to verify the tribal knowledge and create therapeutic formulae intended not only for the benefit of human health, but also for animals. Strong and healthy animals are still a vital part of the agricultural system still operated by small farmers in rural India. Effective, non-toxic, inexpensive remedies and supplements would be of great benefit to them.
Dr. Acharya regularly visits Patalkot to learn more from the traditional healers and in turn to teach about environmental issues and how they may impact the tribal communities and way of life. He has expressed an interest to share his expertise and knowledge within the Sacred Earth Forum and I am delighted to welcome him on board. Dr. Acharya will be contributing regular articles on tribal uses of plants and will also moderate the IK (indigenous knowledge) forum. To introduce you to Dr. Acharya and his work, I have prepared a little interview with him:
Dr. Acharya, I am delighted to welcome you to Sacred Earth and am looking forward to your contributions and expertise. You have been deeply involved with researching traditional tribal knowledge in various places in India. What first inspired you to become involved with Tribals and to research and document their traditional plant knowledge?
As a child I suffered a critical health disorder and the doctors wanted to operate on me. Someone suggested that my father should visit and meet with a certain herbal healer, who had the reputation of being an expert in curing this particular disorder. My father met him and asked him to treat me. He gave me an herbal treatment to for 30 days and amazingly I was all well at the end of the 30th day. It was like a miracle and even the doctors, who had wanted to operate, could not believe it. Two decades later, after I completed my master’s degree in Plant Sciences and started my PhD in medicinal herbs, I wished to meet that herbal healer. But, when I reached the village where he had lived, I was told that he had passed away 10 years earlier. I was deeply upset over his demise. Nobody ever documented his knowledge, nor did his children tried to learn it. It was a great loss. That day I knew that my mission was to scout out and document the traditional herbal knowledge of the tribal people.
Your company, Abhumka, sets out to create phytopharmaceuticals based on Tribal knowledge. Do you have a benefit sharing agreement with the tribal healers you work with?
Yes, we pledge to share any profits with them. Tribal healers are the reservoir of traditional knowledge. Unfortunately, the younger generation does not want to learn this age old traditional knowledge. Young tribesmen migrate to other places in search of better paying work and consider this knowledge useless. The healers themselves think that this knowledge should be given to the right candidate who not will not only do it justice, but will also use it for good cause. I have been involved with researching and documenting this knowledge for more than 12 years now. Their herbal practices and detailed medicinal plant profiles have been compiled in the form of a digital library. Currently we have included those practices for validation that seem particularly effective. The criteria for selecting the practices are based on feedback we receive from the patients. After validation, when this herbal formula is launched on the market, a part of the income generated by it will be shared with these healers, who are the actual knowledge holders. Throughout the entire process, we take primary consent in writing from the respective knowledge holder(s).
What is your vision and mission for this company and for the Tribal people with whom you work? What would be your definition of success?
We have formulas available for various disorders such as kidney ailment, wound healing, skin diseases, anaemia, obesity, immunity improvement, haemorrhoids etc. Right now our mission is to make herbal solutions available for such disorders by means of effective herbal products that will be available at an affordable price. It is said that success comes from good decisions, good decisions come from experience and experience comes from bad decisions. I shall be able to define success once I attain it, right now, I have miles to go.
How do the Tribal people regard your work? What are their hopes or fears with regards to their traditional plant knowledge, and your mission to find larger scale applications for it?
Tribals are innocent people; they have full faith in us and their hopes are high. They know that we are the custodians of their knowledge and that it is in safe hands. I think of myself as an ambassador of the tribal traditional herbal knowledge; I shall take it to new heights
How do these Tribals benefit from the commercialization of their knowledge? Are you aiming to popularize these tribal knowledge products within India or are you addressing a global market?
They shall share our profits, no doubt about it. The whole world should benefit from their knowledge, but that is not easy to achieve due to the different rules and regulations pertaining to traditional herbal medicines. We are facing a biased attitude from the authorities, but we are hopeful that one day the whole world will become aware of the power of traditional herbal knowledge.
How is the knowledge of the older healers preserved/ passed on to the younger generation?
Traditional knowledge is passed on to the younger generation by the word of mouth only. Though in many parts of India, young tribesmen are hardly interested in learning this practice. We have our own limitations right now; still, we have documented 20000 practices for human, animal and agricultural purposes.
Globally, herbs and trees are under an immense pressure these days – global warming, urban sprawl, deforestation, non-sustainable gathering practices, especially by poor laborers who do not understand the fragility of ecosystems all threaten their survival. If certain products indeed become very popular, how will this impact the natural stands of the source plants? Will this not degrade and reduce natural stands of such herbs further? Can the supply be safeguarded and guaranteed long into the future?
To bring a product to the market, you need to have tremendous back-up supply particularly when, as you said, a product is very popular. We motivate herbal healers and other tribesmen of the village to cultivate herbs that we need. This not only gives them an opportunity to earn some money, but we also successfully implement in situ conservation of herbs. This is called “reverse integration”. When these tribesmen themselves will be cultivating these plants then there won’t be any question of deforestation or forest stripping. Until now, no such efforts were made; no one cared for these tribesmen or their plants.
Many scientists have conducted research for their papers in Patalkot valley and have published information about the medicinal plants of this valley. This made for impressive bio data in their papers, but no one ever returned to see whether those plants are still there, or not. No one dared to stop the mediators, but I have gathered strength to do so and I believe the world will definitely salute the knowledge of these tribesmen one day.
India has many ancient healing traditions that are based on natural medicines and rely heavily on herbs. Where do you see India with regards to the global phytomedicine market?
We respect them, but don’t adopt at them as a first recourse. We are lagging behind in terms of investigating them scientifically, but this is the biggest challenge at the moment.
Traditional knowledge is often not taken very seriously by the scientific community. It is regarded as ‘old wives tales’. How do you respond to that?
Traditional knowledge is too big to be measured within the parameters of a biased scientific community. They have the attitude that what they don’t see doesn’t exist.
What message would you like to send out to the world?
I would like people to understand the immense potential of herbs and their role in everyday cures for chronic and minor human health disorders. In recent times, we have been too pre-occupied with synthetic drugs and we forget that there are herbs that play an important role in correcting various disorders. It is high time to act fast and to try and understand the role of herbs in our lives, and to safeguard them, to document the knowledge of folk and traditional healers so that one day, herbs and knowledge pertaining to them will become a boon for all of us and future generations.
Drs Acharya and Shrivastava have achieved in this book the multi-faceted objectives of furthering the knowledge and documentation of the vital yet potentially disappearing practices and peoples of traditional herbal medicines, as well as pleading for the establishment of respectful institutional structures which will help to preserve the people, their practices and prevent the destruction of an unquantifiable treasure to humanity.
I have greatly valued Dr Acharya’s work over the years, publishing his articles as inspirational tributes to the healing powers of herbal medicines. However, I guess that, much like the rest of the scientific and medical community, I had possibly pigeon-holed its subject matter as somewhat obscure Ethnobotany, and the documentation of remote Indian tribal knowledge of the healing power of plants. And, as a busy and over-worked publisher of a monthly magazine, perhaps I hadn’t really grasped the vital importance of this work to global conservation and the preservation of the life-enhancing medical knowledge of traditional herbal practices.
As I have read this book, my realization has deepened that the task of attempting to unite the hostile and diverse universes of so-called allopathic (western, drug-oriented) medicine with natural, traditional, non-drug treatment approaches, which I have engaged in for about two decades is possibly not so far away from the task of the authors in attempting to learn, document, preserve and conserve traditional herbal medicines and the indigenous peoples with the expertise to apply them to human health.
The scope of this book is truly impressive, reviewing the key historical Ethnobotanical work in Madhya Pradesh, Guarat and Rajasthan, with regard to the geographical locations, tribal populations and the plant species recognized and utilized for their medicinal potential. The authors highlight the importance of India as a major Asian country in terms of the diversity of systems for the traditional knowledge, a wide variety of species (17,000), including 7,500 as known as medicinal plants, and possessing the oldest and richest cultural traditions associated with the use of traditional folk herbs.
The authors extend the working definition of traditional medicines to integrate diverse health practices, knowledge and beliefs, spiritual therapies, manual techniques and exercises applied to maintain well-being, treat, diagnose or prevent illness. They describe the districts and their characteristics, the healers, and the central importance of plants both to traditional medical practices, and more recently, as sources of plant-derived drugs by the pharmaceutical industry. The authors cogently argue and describe how it would be possible to conserve traditional medicine knowledge, how plants with medicinal and commercial potential value can be identified and how the entire structure of tribal communities, healers and the coming generations could be established as Traditional Medicine Centres by Governments.
Helpful Tables listing numerous disorders and the names of the remedial plants useful in alleviating or curing these complaints, including the common and scientific names of plants, as well as a useful glossary of terms, makes this book entirely readable by both the scholar and the lay person wishing to deepen their knowledge of herbal medicines.
Drs Acharya and Shrivastave are passionate in their idealism to preserve an important repository, document and grow knowledge and help Mankind. The authors highlight eloquently the intense and approaching international, indeed global deadline to prevent the disappearance of species of trees, plants, roots and seeds, as well as indigenous healers with traditional knowledge. They suggest measures which could be implemented to help further prevent the rape and destruction of habitat, the exploitation of plants and remedies for financial and commercial uses and ultimate destruction forever of tribes, people and their way of life.
The substance of the authors’ message include the integration of the traditional herbal medicines knowledge base, the ending of hostility between biotechnological and traditional disciplines and business interests, and the creation of a unity of purpose to document, catalogue, preserve and develop traditional knowledge and train the next generation and preserve these precious resources for all of Mankind.
Dr Acharya writes in the Dedication about how his life was saved when he was critically ill as an 8 year old boy by a now-deceased, and possibly forgotten herbal healer from the Changotola village of Balaghat District, Madhya Pradesh, India, to whom he was brought by his father who couldn’t afford expensive surgery and medical treatment. When he returned more than a decade later to express his gratitude to this healer, he discovered that he had died; hardly anyone knew about him and that his knowledge base had probably died with him. This has been a seminal event which has helped to spur Dr Acharya on in his quest to document this knowledge, the tribal peoples expert in its use, as well as to develop a sustainable system to preserve, nurture and pass it on to future generations.
There is an urgency to communicate the importance of projects such as these, as well as others internationally. Once precious plants, people and ecosystems are destroyed, our medical knowledge is stripped of vital information known to mankind over millennia, and we are all the poorer.
Reviewer: Sandra Goodman PhD
Publisher: Aavishkar Publishers and Distributors – Jaipur
Deepak Acharya giving handy tips on RadioCity 91.1 FM with RJ Krutika on World Environment Day’17
हिन्दुस्तान के सबसे बड़े ग्रामीण अखबार “गाँव कनेक्शन” में मेरा कॉलम “हर्बल आचार्य”
अनार के बारे में कौन नहीं जानता? सारी दुनिया में अनार एक प्रचलित फल के तौर पर घरों के डायनिंग टेबल की शोभा बढ़ाता है। अनार के औषधीय गुणों की वकालत दुनियाभर के वैज्ञानिक भी खूब करते हैं। अंतर्राष्ट्रीय जर्नल इविडेंस-बेस्ड कॉमप्लिमेंट्री एंड आल्टरनेटिव मेडिसिन में हालिया प्रकाशित एक शोध रिपोर्ट के अनुसार दैनिक खाद्य शैली में एक गिलास अनार का रस अपनाकर ३० से ४० वर्ष (अधेड़ उम्र) के लोग और बुजुर्ग अपनी याददाश्त को बेहतर बना सकते हैं। इस शोध को सत्यापित करने के लिए करीब ३२ लोग जिन्हें याददाश्त को लेकर समस्याएं थी, को रिसर्च विषय बनाकर एक शोध की गयी और इस रिसर्च के दौरान इन लोगों को अनार के फलों के रस की एक गिलास मात्रा प्रतिदिन एक माह तक दी गयी। एक माह के बाद जब परिणाम प्राप्त किए गए तो जानकारी मिली कि अनार जूस याददाश्त को बेहतर करने के लिए अत्यंत कारगर है। अनार के जूस से याददाश्त में बेहतरी होने की शोध के अलावा अनार को एक बेहतर ब्रेन टोनिक भी माना गया है। शोधों से प्राप्त जानकारी के अनुसार अनार के जूस में न्युरो-प्रोटेक्टिव गुण पाए जाते हैं अर्थात इसके लगातार सेवन करने वाले व्यक्ति को ब्रेन हैमरेज जैसी घातक समस्याएं होने की संभावनांए नगण्य हो जाती हैं और परिणाम ये भी बताते हैं कि एल्जिमियर्स रोग में भी यह फायदा करता है। अनार का जूस कार्डियो-वेस्कुलर सिस्टम को बेहतर बनाता है अर्थात यह ब्रेन की सेहत के लिए बेहतरीन होता है। माना जाता है कि ब्रेन से जुड़ी समस्याओं से ग्रस्त रोगियों को अनार का जूस जरूर पीते रहना चाहिए। अनेक शोध परिणामों से ज्ञात होता है कि माता के गर्भ में पल रहे बच्चे की बेहतर सेहत के लिए अनार जूस कारगर होता है, माना जाता है कि नाल में श्वसन क्रिया के दौरान कभी कभी होने वाले तनाव को रोकने में यह मददगार होता है। जोड़ दर्द अथवा आर्थरायटिस से ग्रस्त रोगियों के लिए अनार का जूस वरदान की तरह है, रोगियों को दिन में एक बार कम से कम ७५ से १०० मिली अनार जूस जरूर पीना चाहिए, फायदा होता है। शोध परिणामों से यह भी जानकारी मिली है कि अनार का रस प्रोस्टेट के दोहरेपन को रोकता है और प्रोस्टेट कैंसर कोशिकाओं को मारने में सक्षम होता है अत: प्रोस्टेट कैंसर की संभावनांए होने या इसके होने के शुरुआती दौर में रोगी अनार का जूस पिलाना चाहिए, अत्यंत कारगर होता है। अनार का जूस शरीर में इंसुलिन की मात्रा को प्रभावित किए बगैर वयक्ति के वजन कम करने में मदद करता है। खाली पेट प्रतिदिन अनार का जूस पीने से वसीय कोशिकाओं का अपघटन होता है और आहिस्ता आहिस्ता वजन कम होता है। प्रयोगशालाओं से प्राप्त क्लिनिकल परिणामों पर नजर डाली जाए तो जानकारी मिलती है कि अनार के दानों में एरोमाटेज नामक एंजाईम की क्रियाशीलता को कम करने का गुण होता है। दर असल एरोमाटेज एंजाईम एंड्रोजन को एस्ट्रोजन में बदलने का कार्य करता है जिससे अक्सर महिलाओं में स्तन कैंसर होने की संभावनांए बढ जाती है। सैकड़ों साल से आजमाए जाने वाले इस आदिवासी फार्मुलों के असर को वैज्ञानिक परिक्षण के तौर पर भी सिद्ध किया जा चुका है। स्ट्रेप्टोकोकस मिटिस और स्ट्रेप्टोकोकस संगस नामक बैक्टिरिया की वजह से ही जिंजिवायटिस और कई अन्य मुख रोग होते हैं और इनकी वृद्धि को रोकने के लिए अनार के छिलके बेहद असरकारक होते हैं।
जमीन के अंदर छुपा है खज़ाना, खोजो तो सही..”गाँव कनेक्शन” में कॉलम “हर्बल आचार्य”
चाहे अदरक हो या प्याज, लहसून हो या सूरनकंद इन सभी पौधों के जमीन के भीतर उगने वाला अंग सर्वाधिक औषधीय गुणों वाला होता है। आदिवासी हर्बल जानकारों की मानी जाए तो जमीन के भीतर पनपने वाले पादप अंग खाद्य पदार्थों को संचित रखते हैं और इन अंगों में मानव शरीर को ताकत देने की जबरदस्त क्षमता तो होती ही है इसके अलावा इनमें कई महत्वपूर्ण औषधीय गुण भी पाए जाते हैं। चलिए इस बार पाठकों को को ऐसे ही कुछ चिर परिचित औषधियों से परिचित करवाता हूँ जो आदिवासियों के प्रचलित हर्बल ज्ञान का अभिन्न हिस्सा हैं।